The Holy Qur’an, referred simply as the Qur’an, is the sacred scripture, text or book of Islam.
Although Muslims acknowledge other sacred texts or scriptures, particularly the Christian and Jewish doctrines, the Qur’an is uniquely different and should be noted for the fact that Muslims believe that the Qur’an is the unaltered word of God, which was reveled to Prophet Muhammad.
As recited in the Qur’an, “it [the Qur’an] is nonetheless timeless, the word of God, revealed word for word in the Arabic language through God’s final messenger… therefore uncreated; like God, whose speech it is [the Qur’an], it has always existed.”
Source: (Rippin, Andrew. “Introducing.” The Blackwell Companion to the Qurʼān. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2006. Page 3).
The Beneficent, the Merciful, Lord of the worlds, Master of the Day of Requital (Judgment) is none other than Allah. The King, the Compassionate, the Gracious and the Creator are all but some of God’s names, given to Him to describe His cosmic role and power. These descriptive names demonstrate or display the role that Allah is entitled with as being the supreme and only god, as well as His achievements as being God. It seems odd and initially shocking that God can be described and has a personality to which God is a being or idea that is thought of as unfathomable to humans. For the most part Allah is considered all encompassing and little thought or expression is given to describing or characterizing Allah with human relations or little thought is given to relate Allah as human. A subject, particularly in the West, which is avoided and deferred, is precisely why Allah is shrouded in mystery and misconceived. Yet the Holy Qur’an and the scholars of the scripture describe God and His many characteristics and attributes that are sometimes misunderstood, unknown or often overlooked.